ILO Maritime Labour Convention

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什么是《海事劳工公约》?

国际劳工组织《2006年海事劳工公约》(MLC)--又称《海员权利法案》--规定了海员应该得到的最低权利。

所有在国际海域或不同国家的港口间作业的总吨位500吨以上的船只都必须具有海事劳工证书,证明船只符合MLC标准。

MLC被称为新一代第一个“有威力的”国际劳工标准。

MLC结合并建立在68个现有的海事劳工公约、建议和其他基本原则的基础上,以确保所有海员有体面的工作和生活条件。

MLC的制定与其它条例,如关于船舶安全的IMO标准、安全优质的船舶管理(如SOLAS、STCW和MARPOL)进行互补。这些文书更多地是处理船舶及其工作的问题,而MLC旨在保障海员的权利。

值得注意的是MLC规定了最低要求。许多批准该公约的国家可能制定了更高的标准。

常见的问题:


Related documents:
The Maritime Labour Convention 2006 - What does it mean for cruise crews? (467kb PDF)
This document is in English only

ITF Guide on MLC Seafarers Bill of Rights (2847kb PDF)
This document is in English only

MLC Seafarers Conditions of Employment (757kb PPT)
This document is in English only

General Introduction to MLC - Guidance and Application (302kb PPT)
This document is in English only

Short Introduction to the MLC (2208kb PPT)
This document is in English only

Related pages:
What are my rights under the MLC? | Who is covered by the MLC? | What about recruitment? | What does the MLC say about employment agreements? | What are my wage rights? | What about working hours? | Do I have rights to paid leave? | What about repatriation? | What if I can't work because I am ill? | What should I do if I'm not getting my rights?

Related news:
20 August 2013
Seafarers' bill of rights goes live today
Today, 20 August, the Maritime Labour Convention (MLC) – the...

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