Non-payment of wages

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Page context: HomeTopicsYour RightsStand Up for Your Rights > 2000: Non-payment of wages


“Would you like to come to sea for a year to work for me? What – you would also like to get paid? How is a shipowner to make a living these days? Forget it – I can find people who will work for free.”

Unpaid wages are the most common complaint which the ITF receives from seafarers.

Each year, crew members on about 1,500 ships complain to the ITF that their employer is unwilling or unable to pay their wages. It may be all the crew who are affected, or it may be only one person. In 1998, US$41 million was recovered through the ITF for seafarers who had not been paid.

While most crew get their wages in the end, there are some who are never paid, and some who have to wait months or years for a final settlement of their outstanding wages. The shipowners concerned use bullying tactics, promises of future payment, or small advances on the total amount outstanding in order to try to maintain the operation of their ship with the smallest possible outlay.

Regrettably, manning agents are often involved in also trying to get crew to continue to work unpaid. They do nothing to help if there are problems, and will not normally help crew who have not been paid, even if the crew concerned have paid them for the privilege of working on board the ship in the first place (which is, by the way, illegal).

Flag of convenience-registered ships are particularly risky because there is usually such a tenuous legal relationship between the employer and the crew.

The ITF suggests that you have a written contract of employment in your hands stating your agreed conditions of service on board before you even leave your home to join the ship. If the captain insists on having it for safe keeping, always keep a copy or, if possible, the original.
Remember that non-payment of wages is a part of running a substandard shipping operation. There will also be suppliers of goods and services who are not paid, or paid late, there will be little money for repairs or maintenance, and there may be port state control detentions for deficiencies on board.


Key points

  • Whatever you do, do not delay if you have a problem.
  • Do not leave it for months. If the ship has to be arrested for outstanding wages there may be a long delay between the arrest and the payment of wages once the ship has been sold, and families have to wait for many months before receiving their wages.
  • There is no advantage whatsoever for the crew in continuing to accept assurances that they will be paid.
  • The crew should look to their own interests in the case of late payment of their wages, seek information and assistance and work for a swift resolution of their claims.

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